In mathematics, the

, then the series converges to a continuous function.

**Weierstrass M-test**is a criterion for determining whether an infinite series of functions converges uniformly. It applies to series whose terms are functions with real or complex values, and is analogous to the comparison test for determining the convergence of series of real or complex numbers.**Statement****Conditions**Suppose {

*f*

_{n}} is a sequence of real- or complex-valued functions defined on a set

*A*, and that there exist positive constants

*M*

_{n}such that

for all

*n*≥1 and all , where the series
converges.

**Conclusion**Then, the series

converges uniformly on

*A*.**Remark:**The result is often used in combination with the uniform limit theorem. Together they say that if, in addition to the above conditions, the set

*A*is a topological space and the functions

*f*

_{n}are continuous on

*A,*

**Generalization**
A more general version of the Weierstrass M-test holds if the codomain of the functions {

*f*_{n}} is any Banach space, in which case the statement
may be replaced by

- ,

where is the norm on the Banach space. For an example of the use of this test on a Banach space, see the article Fréchet derivative.

**Proof**

Suppose that the conditions stated above hold. We must show that converges uniformly on

*A*.
First note that, since converges, the comparison test gives that is absolutely convergent. Therefore, converges pointwise on

*A*to some*s*(*x*).
Again because converges, for every ε > 0 there exists an such that

- whenever .

Thus, if represents the sum of the first

*n*_{0}terms of (*f*_{n}(*x*)),- , for all whenever

Since this shows that the tail of

*s*(*x*) is less than ε independently of the value of , uniform convergence is proved.**Exponential function convergence using Weirstrass M-test**

The series expansion of the exponential function can be shown to be uniformly convergent on any bounded subset S of using the Weierstrass M-test.

Here is the series:

Any bounded subset is a subset of some disc

*D*_{R}of radius R, centered on the origin in the complex plane. The Weierstrass M-test requires us to find an upper bound*M*_{n}on the terms of the series, with*M*_{n}independent of the position in the disc:
This is trivial:

If is convergent, then the M-test asserts that the original series is uniformly convergent.

The ratio test can be used here:

which means the series over

*M*_{n}is convergent. Thus the original series converges uniformly for all , and since , the series is also uniformly convergent on S.
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